As the weather is starting to warm up, we are starting to see flies in the barns and now is the time to think about fly control strategies. As a fly was buzzing around my head on a farm call this weekend, I thought to myself, I really don’t want to meet your 64 million relatives throughout this season.
Fly Control Strategies
There have been some changes to the fly control products available to us this year. Several of the aerosol spray cans will be changing due to an ingredient that has been taken off the market. The Silvalure fly sheets, strings, etc. have also been discontinued so we will be sourcing out other replacement products. We still have some stock from last season, but best to call the clinic and discuss availability and pricing with our staff when you are ready to plan your fly control strategy for this year.
To eliminate adult flies, fog the barn with a fast acting pyrethrin based insecticide (Disvap IV) when the barn is empty. Leave for 2 hours and ventilate before re-entry. Pyrethrin kills insects rapidly but does not have a lasting effect. It is also possible to use spray cans for spot treatments such as around windows, lights and the milk house. Make sure to use an approved insecticide for the application intended and follow the directions for use.
For a long acting effect, apply a residual insecticide (Disvap V) to walls, posts, window ledges and ceilings. This application will have residual activity for several weeks. One can also do external applications and should be repeated at least once per month due to sun and rain breakdown of the insectici
Use granular bait in low ventilation areas. Bait contains pheromones to attract the flies to feed on them. In highly ventilated areas, the attractiveness of the bait is diminished. For regulatory reasons, only use baits in bait stations. Spread out the fly bait stations within the barn. One station will cover 1000 cubic feet of air space. They should be placed at the beginning of fly season and renewed once weekly during warm weather
It is always important to read and follow the label before using any pesticide. Be sure to read the claims for fly control on product labels- some fly species may not be well controlled by some products. Resistance can also occur which may necessitate rotating products if losing efficacy.
Vetolice, Lice-Away- are non-systemic pour-ons (1% permethrin) to control biting lice and horn flies on both lactating and non-lactating dairy cattle. Apply by pouring along the back and may also be applied to the face with a cloth (avoiding the eyes, nose and mouth). Apply 15 ml per 100 lbs up to a maximum of 150 ml per animal. They have residual activity and treatment can be repeated as needed but no more than once every two weeks.
Boss Pour On – is similar to Vetolice but is 5% permethrin so the dose is only 3 ml per 100lbs with a maximum dose of 30 ml per animal.
Cylence Pour On – is a different active ingredient ( 1% cyfluthrin) applied 2 ml per 100-200lbs to a maximum dose of 12 ml per animal and only every 3 weeks to a maximum of 3 applications per year.
Saber Pour On – another different active ingredient ( 1% lambda-cyhalothrin) approved for non-lactating cattle only and applied at a rate of 10 ml per for less that 600lbs, and 15 ml if greater than 600 lbs.
Disvap IV is an oil based spray which can be used on dairy cattle to control flies, including horn flies, stable flies, and house flies. It is a quick knock down insecticide without residual activity. Apply 30-60 ml per animal using a sprayer which produces a fine mist. Cover the entire animal lightly without making the hair wet, and avoiding the udder, eyes and mouth. Repeat once or twice daily as required and treat cattle at least 20 min before milking, and wash the udder before milking.
Zap It, Multivap, Disvap, Vetospray – these aerosol sprays have been discontinued but are being replaced by the products Disvap Gold and Enough. We currently do not have information on these new items or any stock in the clinic, but we hope to by May 1st. For now we do have some stock of the Disvap and Multivap spray products, and may be able to source more depending on demand and continued availability.
Control and Monitoring
For continuous protection with animals present, use sticky sheets, rollers or strings attached to posts, walls, ceilings and milk pipes. They are most effective in high fly traffic areas. Installing them around lights will enhance the effect of these traps as flies are attracted to lights. Use often and early in the season to reduce reproduction. Fly zappers or electrocutors can also be used in low risk areas for fire such as milk houses.
Eliminating Flies at the Source
Since flies reproduce in damp areas, manure and bedding management is one of the key elements for fly control. Calf pens or hutches are very common fly breeding areas inside and outside. In the summer with high heat and humidity, their life cycle can be as short as 7- 10 days. Thoroughly scrape stalls and pens weekly to reduce reproduction. Pay attention to corners and edges where manure can accumulate.
At the end of the fly season in the fall, the barn should be washed using an alkaline detergent (Biosolve Plus) to remove stains left by flies. These stains contain bacteria which can cause disease and pheromones that can attract other flies to the barn. Flies can smell up to 750 yards away. A barn full of stains is a magnet for flies.
Increasing ventilation will help drying of reproductive sites. Portable fans can be installed in areas where flies gather. It will also protect the cows from flies when the cows are resting.
Fly control is best accomplished using a multi-pronged approach. Simple spraying for flies will have some immediate and visible effect, however fly control to reduce populations for the long term involves a combination of waste management, barn hygiene and effective insecticide products.